Science fiction is the backbone of fantasy, and the two are often considered synonyms, but science fiction focuses on science and technology. The term was introduced in 1926.

The difference between science fiction and fantasy lies in the science elements, which never go beyond science.

Some authors of the genre divide it into two types of “soft” and “hard” fiction. Stories dealing with physics, astronomy, mathematics, and engineering are considered “hard” fiction, while stories dealing with botany, mycology, zoology, and social science can be classified as “soft” despite their relative rigor. of science.

A work of the science fiction genre may include the following elements.

  1. Space travel, other worlds, parallel universes.
  2. The action takes place either in the future or in an alternate past
  3. Various aspects of biology, as well as different species, mutants, aliens, gifted humans
  4. Bioengineering, supercomputers, modern weapons
  5. Scientific discoveries, such as teleportation, communication at the speed of light
  6. Human evolution, evolution of the Earth
  7. Paranormal abilities

Famous authors writing in this genre:

  • Frank Herbert – Dune
  • Isaac Azimov – The Foundation
  • Veronica Roth – The Divergent
  • Susan Collins – The Hunger Games
  • Michael Crichton – Jurassic Park